(b Paris, 10 July 1830; d Paris, 31 May 1909). He was a classmate of Franck and Saint-Saëns at the Paris Conservatoire, studied the organ under Benoît and was organist at St Ambroise, Ste Geneviève, St Roch and St Vincent-de-Paul. He was also a music critic; his compositions include sacred and secular vocal music and many works for the piano and organ. He also composed, arranged and published extensively for the harmonium.