Franz Liszt is out of question one of the most important and influent composers of the 19th Century. The innovations at each level of music, from piano construction to composition, is outstanding and beyond imagination. Still today, widely acknowledge as pianist, would be hard to recognize how deep he changed the modern concept to compose and make music.
Even his personal life, especially the early years, is under the romantic ideas of his era, becoming the hero of a novel more then a well-known musician: lover of a married woman, in a relationship with the erotic dancer Lola Montez, countless women that follow him as a pure god of music and at the end of his life a long-term love-friendship with Princess Carolyne von Sayn-Wittgenstein, another married woman that follow him throughout Europe leaving his husband behind. The image of Liszt from these few lines is not exactly of a spiritual soul. Nevertheless, he cultivated a religious vocation since the teenage years in Paris arriving to enter into the Third Order of Saint Francis in 1857, receiving tonsure in 1865 and receiving the four minor orders of porter, lector, exorcist, and acolyte. After this ordination, he became the Abbé Liszt. […]
Franz Liszt: (b Raiding, (Doborján), 22 Oct 1811; d Bayreuth, 31 July 1886). Hungarian composer, pianist and teacher. He was one of the leaders of the Romantic movement in music. In his compositions he developed new methods, both imaginative and technical, which left their mark upon his forward-looking contemporaries and anticipated some 20th-century ideas and procedures; he also evolved the method of ‘transformation of themes’ as part of his revolution in form, made radical experiments in harmony and invented the symphonic poem for orchestra. As the greatest piano virtuoso of his time, he used his sensational technique and captivating concert personality not only for personal effect but to spread, through his transcriptions, knowledge of other composers’ music. As a conductor and teacher, especially at Weimar, he made himself the most influential figure of the New German School dedicated to progress in music. His unremitting championship of Wagner and Berlioz helped these composers achieve a wider European fame. Equally important was his unrivalled commitment to preserving and promoting the best of the past, including Bach, Handel, Schubert, Weber and above all Beethoven; his performances of such works as Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony and Hammerklavier Sonata created new audiences for music hitherto regarded as incomprehensible. The seeming contradictions in his personal life – a strong religious impulse mingled with a love of worldly sensation – were resolved by him with difficulty. Yet the vast amount of new biographical information makes the unthinking view of him as ‘half gypsy, half priest’ impossible to sustain. He contained in his character more of the ideals and aspirations of the 19th century than any other major musician.
Profile from The New Grove dictionary of Music and Musicians
Vergari, Paolo (Pianist) was born in Falerone (1964, Fermo, Italy) and studied piano and composition at the “L. D’Annunzio” Conservatory in Pescara with Giovanna De Fanti, and subsequently with M. Della Chiesa D’Isasca, E. Hubert, A.Ciccolini, T. Nikolajewa, E. Murano and A. Hintchev.
He has given concerts as a soloist and in chamber ensembles at major concert halls and for international organizations including Teatro La Fenice in Venice, Sala Nervi in the Vatican City, Teatro Regio in Parma, the Reggia in Caserta, Teatro Regio in Turin, Teatro Verdi in Salerno, Teatro Olimpico in Vicenza, Accademia Santa Cecilia in Rome and outside Italy at the United Nations Auditorium in New York, the UNESCO headquarters in Paris, the Dante Alighieri cultural centre in Moscow, the Klementinum and B. Martinu Hall in Prague, Salle Cortot Paris, the Manoel national theatre in Malta, IRCAM Paris, A. Williams Concert Hall in Buenos Aires.
His performances have been broadcast by RAI, TMC, Radio France, RSI, Radio Maltese, Blu Sat 2000 and ORF.
He tours Asia regularly, China specially, and has been in this Country several times since 2004, performing in the most important concert halls in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Shenyang.
He has performed as soloist wih the Philarmonia of Salta, the Windkraft Orchestra, the Orchestra of Radio Sofia, the Lublin Philharmonic Orchestra, the Bacau Philharmonic Orchestra (Romania), the State of Mexico Symphony Orchestra, the Fiati di Parma wind orchestra, the Philharmonic Orchestra of Brno and the RAI National Symphony Orchestra. He has played under conductors such as Giorgio Bernasconi, Mirjam Schimdt, Marco Della Chiesa D’Isasca, Petr Altrichter, Kaspar De Roo, Michele Santorsola, Jorge Lhez.
His interest in the masterworks of chamber music has led to major collaborations with the “Quartetto Szymanowski”, with violinist Nicolas Chumachenco and with the Ensemble Oggimusica of Lugano. He was also a founding member of the ADM Ensemble of Modena.
He has partecipated in various international music festivals including: Montepellier and Radio France; Festival of Stresa; Musica Riva in Riva Del Garda; Giardino della Musica, in Milan; BadiaMusica in Bolzano and Festival Pontino in Latina (Italy).
He is been the founder and artistic director of BadiaMusica (Bolzano), an international festival launched in 2000 which each year hosts symphonic and chamber music played by prestigious performers.
He teached Masterclass at Kunming University (Yunnan, China), the University “G. Enescu” in Iasi (Romania), the Magnificat School of Music in Jerusalem where hebrews and arabian musicians share their musical life.
He has made numerous recordings, including the complete concertos for piano and orchestra by Gian Francesco Malipiero performed in 2005 with the Philharmonic Orchestra of Iasi (Romania) and released in 2007.
In 2006 he recorded the CD My love to China, wich includes traditional Chinese music. Hailed by the critics as one of the most important works released in recent years, in 2003 he made the first ever recording of a double CD containing the 40 “Studi di perfezionamento” by Gino Tagliapietra.
He has recorded the Goyescas by E. Granados for the label Clarius Audi and works by composers such as O. Messiaen, L. Liviabella and C. Rastelli for Phoenix and Altrisuoni.
In 2010 he composed the music for the movie “Duns Scoto” by director Fernando Muraca.
Following the passion and practise of improvisation, throught several workshops with M° François Rossé, Vergari have performed concerts on improvisations for piano solo and with other musicians as Carlo Rizzo (virtuoso player of Tamburello), Elisa Tonelli (voice), Massimiliano Dragoni (percussion); with them has recorded CD Taka’s Question (2010) and after series of concerts with the Ladinian poetess Roberta Dapunt, in 2001 he recorded Perdono, improvisations inspired by her poetry.
He has teached Piano in the Conservatories “G. Braga” Teramo, “Nicola Sala” Benevento, “Niccolò Piccinni” Bari, “Domenico Cimarosa” Avellino.