Un Reve long du Siécles: Le charme de la Musique Française avec la Flûte et la Harpe

12.50

  • EAN Code: _0793588412258
  • Format: 1 Cd
  • Genre: Chamber
  • Instrumentation: Flute, Harp
  • Period: Romantic
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EAN Code

_0793588412258

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Camille Saint-Säens: (b Paris, 9 Oct 1835; d Algiers, 16 Dec 1921). French composer, pianist, organist and writer. Like Mozart, to whom he was often compared, he was a brilliant craftsman, versatile and prolific, who contributed to every genre of French music. He was one of the leaders of the French musical renaissance of the 1870s.

Eugène Bozza (b Nice, 4 April 1905; d Valenciennes, 28 Sept 1991). French composer and conductor. He studied with Büsser, Rabaud, Capet and Nadaud at the Paris Conservatoire where he won premiers prix for the violin (1924), conducting (1930) and composition (1934), and also the Prix de Rome with La légende de Roukmāni (1934). From 1938 to 1948 he conducted at the Opéra-Comique in Paris and in 1951 he was appointed director of the Ecole Nationale de Musique, Valenciennes, an appointment he held until his retirement in 1975. He was made a Chevalier of the Légion d’Honneur in 1956. Though his large-scale works have been successfully performed in France, his international reputation rests on his substantial output of chamber music for wind. This displays at a high level the qualities characteristic of mid-20th-century French chamber music: melodic fluency, elegance of structure and a consistently sensitive concern for instrumental capabilities.

Gabriel Fauré: (b Pamiers, Ariège, 12 May 1845; d Paris, 4 Nov 1924). French composer, teacher, pianist and organist. The most advanced composer of his generation in France, he developed a personal style that had considerable influence on many early 20th-century composers. His harmonic and melodic innovations also affected the teaching of harmony for later generations.

Jean Cras (b Brest, 22 May, 1879; d Brest, 14 Sept 1932). French composer. The son of a distinguished naval surgeon, his gifts were nurtured in a musical home, but, following in the family tradition he enlisted at the naval academy in 1896. After settling in Paris in 1900, he met Duparc, who immediately recognized his gifts. Through three months of almost daily instruction during 1900, Duparc provided the only formal training in composition Cras received, an experience crucial to his development and to their life-long friendship; Duparc would later call Cras his ‘spiritual son’. Cras had four children. His second daughter Colette, an excellent pianist, married Alexandre Tansman; she later premièred Cras's Piano Concerto (1931). Unlike his friend Roussel, Cras sustained a brilliant naval career all his life, rising to rear-admiral and receiving numerous decorations for heroism during World War I. His works remained relatively unknown until his opera Polyphème won the First Prize in the ‘Concours musical de la Ville de Paris’ in 1921, and was produced at the Opéra-Comique in December 1922. From this time, his works were performed by leading interpreters and he was befriended by many of the most prominent musical, literary and political figures of the time. His death inspired hundreds of poignant eulogies and the commission of a monument overlooking the harbour at Brest. Although naval obligations necessitated his absence from Paris for much of his life, Cras remained fully aware of artistic developments, but maintained a passionately creative independence. Schooled in the Beethovenian structural principles instilled in him by Duparc, he championed cyclic form and motivic development. From an initially Franckian idiom, Cras evolved an eclectic Impressionism, combining Celtic folk and sacred elements with exoticisms inspired by his travels. Cras composed 77 songs, giving primacy to the text and adapting his style to a generally restrained narrative tessitura. He first embraced symbolist poetry and, after setting Samain's Polyphème, his vocal compositions were the products of fruitful collaborations with living post-Parnassian poets whom he knew well. His legacy of chamber music is one of the century's finest and demonstrates an acutely sophisticated understanding of instrumentation and nuance. A prodigious intellect steeped in the religious writings of Léon Bloy, Cras expressed his deep Catholic faith and introspective spirituality (often fiercely self-critical) through diaries and voluminous correspondence. Honoured by the French Academy of Science, Cras's patented inventions include his règle-rapporteur, a navigational ruler-compass still used by the French Navy. Only in the 1990s has his musical importance begun fully to emerge.